The very first sip of your alcoholic beverage affects your body. A drink with your meal once in a while is not harmful but the cumulative effects of consuming alcohol are notable with time especially if you are not able to control the one glass intake.
Endocrine and digestive glands
Excess alcohol leads to unusual release of digestive enzymes by the pancreas. Accumulation of these enzymes causes an inflammation called pancreatitis. This can be a long term condition and lead to severe illness.
The work of the liver in your body is to process and remove any harmful item in your body including alcohol. Prolonged alcohol intake disrupts this process. You are also at risk of suffering from liver disease and chronic liver inflammation. This inflammation causes scarring in the liver called cirrhosis and these scarring ruins the liver and it makes it difficult for the liver to remove the toxic items from the blood.
Amounts of sugar
The way your body uses insulin and how it reacts to glucose is regulated by the pancreas. You risk low blood sugar or high blood sugar if your pancreas and liver are malfunctioning. When your body is unable to regulate and balance sugar levels in your blood, you stand more risk of getting diabetes. Anyone suffering from diabetes should have minimum amount of alcohol.
The central nervous system
Slurred speech is one of the ways you can know that you have too much drink. Communication between your body and the brain is affected by alcohol and impairs coordination and may find it difficult to balance on your own. It affects your decision making ability and memory loss is very common. With time the frontal lobe, the section responsible for short-term memory, judgement and emotional control could be damaged. Addiction to alcohol can also cause permanent brain damage and consequently Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome which affects memory.
Those who indulge in alcohol excessively can become dependent on it for physical and emotional functions. You may experience serious withdrawal symptoms and could even need medical intervention to deal with the symptoms which is also the safest way to overcome an addiction.
The effects of alcohol on the digestive system are only visible after the damage has already been done and the more you drink the more damage on the digestive tract and make it difficult for your intestines to digest food and nutrients and vitamins absorption and may lead to malnutrition. Ulcers and hemorrhoids are also common illnesses for people who are heavy drinkers.
Your heart and lungs can get affected by alcohol consumption. Alcoholic addicts stand greater risks of heart related diseases than those who do not drink in excess. High blood pressure, stroke, heart attack, heart failure, irregular heartbeat are some of the circulatory system diseases.
Reproductive and sexual health
The assumption is that when you take alcohol, you increase your prowess in bed. This is far from the truth. Erectile dysfunction is common with men who consume too much alcohol and your libido can also be affected due to the interference of sex hormone production. Women with habits of excessive alcohol consumption may stop menstruating thereby affecting their fertility. Miscarriage and premature births are also common with women who drink while pregnant.
Muscle and skeletal system
Your bones will become weaker with time as you continue to indulge in excessive alcohol intake. This puts you at risk of fractures even with small falls and the healing process takes longer. Weakness in the muscles, cramping and atrophy result from too much alcohol intake.
Your natural immune system is affected by alcohol and you are prone to germs and viruses. Pneumonia and tuberculosis are very common with alcoholic addicts.